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Renewable Energy for UN Peacekeeping in DRC

Updated: Jun 8, 2022

Report: UN Peacekeeping in DRC Offers Renewable Energy Opportunity

The Last Kilometer is privileged to have been a contributor to the report highlighting how the UN can meet new clean energy goals announced by the UN Secretary-General.

The United Nations peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), MONUSCO, could benefit from greater use of available renewable energy according to a new study released by the Stimson Center and Energy Peace Partners. Such a change in the DRC could help meet the UN’s newly-announced goal of getting 80 percent of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030, offer lessons for other UN missions, and save money.

The case study is the first report from Powering Peace, a joint initiative of the Stimson Center and Energy Peace Partners, which is investigating the potential for UN operations to adopt more renewable energy options, improve efficiencies, save money, and assist the communities and countries they serve.

“While the UN in DRC still relies on diesel generators for roughly two-thirds of its total energy, it has made progress connecting to hydroelectric power in some places. Better energy options exist for the mission,” said lead author Gregory Mthembu-Salter. “By shifting to a larger share of hydropower where it is available, and to solar power in off-grid sites, the mission can save money, support local renewable energy development and energy access, and further its peacebuilding goals.”

Contributing author David Mozersky of Energy Peace Partners said, “The mission can save millions of dollars per year by switching to renewable energy where available, at the same time supporting local energy capacity in the country. This advances the UN’s environmental goals, and would have positive economic and development impacts which can support local peacebuilding efforts.”“Modernizing the UN’s approach to energy in the field is smart and overdue. This report helps show how peace operations can tap new technology, work with partners, and meet mission goals. Changing the way the UN does business will also help local communities and address climate change,” said Victoria Holt, Managing Director at the Stimson Center and co-founder of the Powering Peace Initiative.

The report examines the energy practices of MONUSCO, the benefits of available renewable energy transition options, and how UN decision-making around electricity can be improved to advance mission goals and the aims of the UN environmental strategy. MONUSCO’s partial embrace of local hydroelectric power is encouraging and unique to the DRC, but the report uncovers deeper challenges around the historic reliance of UN field operations on diesel for power generation.

One of the poorest and least electrified countries in the world, the DRC faces myriad challenges related to a history of conflict, weak governance and corruption, limited infrastructure and underdevelopment. Although hydropower grids exist in different corners of the country, vast areas have no electrification: the hydro sector is underdeveloped and directed towards mining and industry, and DRC’s vast solar and wind power potential are virtually untapped.

Jaron Rothkop of The Last Kilometer contributed the economic analysis and other clean energy insights to the report.

An executive summary of the report is available here and the full report here

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